The book then describes six further major views of mind alternative to dualism that have been developed by psychologists, philosophers, and neuroscientists: Some claim that such words are just about behavior.
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Some claim that such words are theoretical constructs, like "quarks" in physics. Some identify the mind with the brain or with a kind of program in the brain like the software in a computer. Some think there is nothing to which such words refer.
Some think mental talk reflects nothing but convention. Students in psychology learn about different views of mind in various courses, but they tend to be left on their own to deal with the conflicts among them.
How to conceive of mind is usually addressed in the context not of psychology but of philosophy, where it tends to be treated in ways that may seem esoteric to psychology students. Log In Sign Up.
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Lise Wallach and Michael A. Seven Views of Mind. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, Jeffery Yen.
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, Vol. DOI: ISBN: As a result, anyone training in psychology in the twenty-first century must now negotiate a range of starkly different, and often onto- logically incommensurable, paradigms of human psychology. The key problem in our thinking about the mind, they argue, is the first view: dualism.
Seven Views of Mind
Each of the remaining six views of mind—as a manner of speaking, as behavior, as software in the head, as brain, as scientific construct, and as social construct—are considered for their potential for clarifying our understanding of the mind-body relationship. The juxtaposition of the mind-blowing musings of B.
The book is therefore an excellent interdisciplinary primer for discussion and debate within this Anglo-American analytical tradition. Following Quine, it is interdisciplinary in the sense that the empirical findings of psychological science and neuroscience are seen to speak directly to, and perhaps even supercede, philosophical questions about the nature of mind see Flanagan, In explicating their view, the authors are concerned to dispel any notion that accepting a materialist conception of the mind entails the loss of meaning and purpose to life.
That the problem of dualism is framed within this concern is telling—and lo- cates the book within a theistic, perhaps specifically Judeo-Christian worldview.
Seven Views of Olduvai Gorge
For similar reasons, the book is largely silent on two key concepts or dimensions, both of which cast a quite different light on the problems of mind to which the book speaks, and which have undergone somewhat of a recent renaissance in psychological and social theory: namely history and the body. Notwithstanding the omissions mentioned above, the book represents a valuable contri- bution to attempts to clarify the most basic categories of psychological knowledge, and to make explicit the assumptions underlying them. In our headlong rush to produce more psychological knowledge, the book provides a rare resource with which to reflect on what we are really doing.
Creating subjectivities. Subjectivity, 22 1 , 1— Carman, T. The body in Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. Philosophical Topics, 27 2 , — Flanagan, O.
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